Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

A set of products presents the near and long term health effects caused by the prompt and fallout effects of a nuclear detonation, including areas where evacuation or sheltering of the general population, long-term relocation, emergency worker safety measures, and actions to address agricultural crop contamination of agricultural crops may be warranted. In the exposure calculations, the population is assumed to remain outdoors in the same location throughout plume passage. The areas where fallout poses a health hazard may change rapidly due to radioactive decay.


"Planning Guidance for Response to a Nuclear Detonation", First Edition, January 16, 2009. Developed by the Homeland Security Council Interagency Policy Coordination Subcommittee for Preparedness & Response to Radiological and Nuclear Threats.

"Key Elements of Preparing Emergency Responders for Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism, Commentary No. 19", 2005, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements.

"Key Response Planning Factors for the aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism", LLNL-TR-410067, 2009, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.